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Steven Arthur Pinker 《 The Language Instinct 》

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Everyone has questions about language.


Some are from everyday experience:

xyzWhy do immigrants struggle with a new language, only to have their fluent children ridicule their grammatical errors?
Why can't computers converse with us?
Why is the hockey team in Toronto called the Maple Leafs, not the Maple Leaves?

Some are from popular science:
Have scientists really reconstructed the first language spoken on earth?
Are there genes for grammar?
Can chimpanzees learn sign language?

And some are from our deepest ponderings about the human condition:
Does our language control our thoughts?
How could language have evolved?
Is language deteriorating?





xyz
In it, Pinker argues that humans are born with an innate capacity for language.

In addition, he deals sympathetically with Noam Chomsky's claim that all human language shows evidence of a universal grammar.

In the final chapter Pinker dissents from the skepticism shown by Chomsky that evolution by natural selection is up to the challenge of explaining a human language instinct.
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作者: fngiviol
  (2011-07-20 23:53)
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