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The Abstract from "Latin America"s Shock Resistance”

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The Abstract from “Latin America’s Shock Resistance” 卡[/b] In her article “Latin America’s Shock Resistance”, the journalist and The Guardian’s columnist Naomi Klein argues that nowadays Latin America countries are underpinning the shock resistance against all the vulnerable crises which continually imported by transnational financial institutes from three decades ago. 討論since, from, ago,for的差別。
The target of shock resistance is “shock therapy”, which means ‘the constellation of corporate-friendly “emergency” economic measures like large-scale privatization and deep cuts to social spending that debilitate the state in the name of free markets’. These famous historical events of “shock doctrines” were imported by U.S. economist-- Milton Friedman—the advocate of “free market”. As the advisor of Chilean dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet, Friedman imposed a series of sea change economic transformations: tax cuts, free trade, privatized services, deregulation and cuts to the social welfare budget. During mid-1970s, the so-called “Chicago boys” who learned under Friedman in Univ. of Chicago, also brought the capitalist’s nostrum into Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina.
c.f. use "-ism" & "--ist"
Capitalism--> Capitalist's thinking
Buddism--> Buddist's thinking
From raising and instilling the dictatorship in Chile and Argentina, these dictators once disintegrated the socialis[strike]m[/strike]t democracy and solidarity [strike]in[/strike]of the past decades; but since the coming retreat of an US military base in Manta, Ecuador,[strike] and[/strike] several countries such as Venezuela, Costa Rica, Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia have all announced that they will stop sending students to the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation in ???. The strong intention to erode the US military power in South America continent is quite clear. The shocks produced by volatile markets cause the commodity prices in the situation of sudden rise/drop, and the instability would also beat the entire agriculture and industrial sectors severely. In order to get rid of these threatens, some new leaders in Latin America change their policy directions and relationships with those transnational financial institutes. For instance, the potential strength outwardly appeared on Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador and Argentina’s refusals to endorse on these new agreements with World Bank and IMF[strike] respectively[/strike].[strike] Through these events, i[/strike]It is quite obviously that World Bank and IMF’s credibility comes to an end in Latin America because of these events. These wisely actions also prevent these countries not to be shackled [strike]in[/strike]to another deep loan loop. Inwardly, the strong claims from Landless Peoples Movement (MST) in Brazil and the movement of “recovered companies” in Argentina, were produced hundreds of thousands of cooperatives; these actions make people could face the economic shock without fear.

Respectively的用法說明:respectively裡頭強調對應的順序關係。用這個字的時候,順序是重要的。

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作者: zyamptip
  (2011-11-10 06:19)
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