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The Carolingian Period

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The Carolingian Period



In the Carolingian Period (8th century), a feudal system was installed and Florence became a county of the Holy Roman Empire. According to a tradition which was never abandoned and which comes down to us from the earliest Florentine chronicles, Emperor Charlemagne visited Florence and he donated Money and houses for the reconstruction of the primitive church of San Miniato (he did it in suffrage of is beloved bride Hildegard who died when she was 26 years old).

Various facts seem to testify to a revival of the city in Carolingian times: in the 9th century a public ecclesiastic school was established in the city and the bridge over the Arno, which had been destroved during the Goto-Byzantine war, seems to have been rebuilt. Moreover at the turn of the century new city-walls were built, probably for fear of the Hungarian invasions. The new walls, the third set, partly fallowed the line of the old Roman walls, widening on the south to enclose the suburbs (borghi) which had grown up in the direction of the Arno (a sign that the city had grown) while to the north, for political reasons, the Baptistery, Santa Reparata, the Bishop's Palace, as well as the adjacent Palatium Regis where the Emperor's representative held his "court of justice", were excluded.

Towards the end of the 10th century, Countess Willa, widow of the Marquis of Tuscany, who owned an entire district within the city-walls, founded and richly endowed a Benedictine abbey in memory of her husband: the "Badia Fiorentina". Countess Willa's son, Hugo, greatly contributed to the development of Florence thanks to his decision to leave Lucca. His choice of the city on the banks of the Arno as his dwelling place reinforced its administrative character.



Carolingian Period的名詞就是指查理曼大帝(Charlemagne)統治的這個時期(英法的“Charles”西班牙語為 “Carlos”)。查理曼大帝(Charles the Great)原本是法蘭克的國王,是因為他打敗了回教徒。西元778年在戰役上(Battle of Roncesvalles) 有效遏阻回教勢力北上。之後他把首都遷到東邊的Aachen,(在現代的的德國境內)。北邊有未規化成基督教的邊境「蠻族」,為防禦蠻族,查理曼大帝所建的建築物大多都在東邊。仿羅馬就是仿照羅馬,所以羅馬的建築元素「拱門」(arch)大量使用。





果然還不夠,無法立即了解作者的隱喻。


xyz軟體補給站
不過,這篇真的很棒





可恥的是
xyz


考前10分鐘 才K美史



只看了白鯨莫比狄克那一篇



沒有要考試的書卻看得很起勁



好吧



我承認我沒GUTS

xyz

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作者: ozlksvoat
  (2010-06-23 06:01)
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